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great spotted kiwi size

great spotted kiwi size

great spotted kiwi size

(1.4 to 5 kilograms). Most birds have only one. Like other Kiwis, the Great Spotted Kiwi has its nostrils at the tip of its bill. Genetic variability, distribution and abundance of great spotted kiwi (Apteryx haastii). Hourly call rates across the whole range is slowly declining, but landscape scale management of predators through periodic aerial 1080 (sodium monofluoroacetate) operations, or trapping, may have slowed or reversed the declines in some areas. The closest relatives to kiwi today is the elephant bird from Madagascar. There are five species. Pp 35-56 in Overmars, F. Because of the large size of the egg, gestation is uncomfortable for the female, and they do not move much. Kiwi often swallow small stones, which help to digest food. Great spotted kiwi eat mostly small invertebrates, especially earthworms and larvae of beetles and cicadas; they also eat centipedes, spiders, beetles, weta, snails and freshwater crayfish. They eat earthworms, grubs, beetles, cicada, crickets, flies, weta, spiders, caterpillars, slugs and snails. Widespread in forest, scrub, upland tussock grasslands and subalpine zones of the north-western South Island. Abstract Home range size, travel distances, and population density of the great spotted kiwi (Apteryx haastii) were investigated in the North Branch of the Hurunui River. The male incubates the egg while the female guards the nest. Great spotted kiwi are flightless and nocturnal. Most birds have only one. Great Spotted Kiwi February 10, 2020 Edit. Adult. They can lay only one egg a year because it takes so much energy to produce such a massive egg. Great spotted kiwi disperse seeds throughout their habitat, thus playing a very important role in the ecosystem they live in. The eyes of this bird are small and do not see well, as it relies mostly on its sense of smell. The southern brown kiwi is a relatively common species of kiwi. Juvenile has proportionately longer bill and darker legs than similar Little Spotted Kiwi. To do the latter, a kiwi would stick its beak into the ground, and then use its beak to dig into the ground. Great spotted kiwis reach full size at year six. Contact. The great spotted kiwi, as a member of the ratites, is flightless. The great spotted kiwi/roroa (Apteryx haastii) lives in the northern half of the South Island. The common name of this bird comes from black spots on its feathers. Little spotted kiwi 4. If you have some you would like to share. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Great spotted kiwi population size is around 15,000 individuals which is roughly equivalent to 14,500 mature individuals. Great Spotted Kiwi Soft Toy with real recorded bird sound http://www.shopenzed.com/great-spotted-kiwi-toy-with-sound-xidp431254.html Great spotted kiwi are generally solitary and can be seen in pairs only during the breeding season. 2015-04-05 Mobile apps. The smallest is the little spotted kiwi. To find prey, the birds use their scenting skills or feel vibrations caused by the movement of their prey. As with other kiwi species, great spotted kiwi pairs have only one mate at a time. The largest egg in comparison with the size of the bird is laid by the Little spotted kiwi. New Zealand Bird North Island brown kiwi Little spotted kiwi Common ostrich, kiwi PNG size: 1071x888px filesize: 1.2MB Daffy Duck Bugs Bunny Sylvester Tweety Tasmanian Devil, ducks PNG size: 1152x1277px filesize: 94.91KB Eggs are laid from July to December. Great Spotted Kiwis are distinguishable from other kiwi species by the fact that they can only produce one egg a year, as it … Great spotted kiwi have disappeared from many lowland sites around the fringes of their distribution, and from the Grey Valley, presumably through a combination of habitat loss and predation by mammalian predators, especially dogs and stoats. The female Great Spotted Kiwi lays just 1 egg in a single breeding season. (Picture: Great Spotted Kiwi) The breeding season begins in June and ends in March, as this is when food is plentiful. It is the largest of the kiwis. Widespread and locally common in forest, scrub and upland tussock grasslands and subalpine zones in the north-western part of the South Island. A kiwi is about the size of a chicken. Despite their size, chicks are still vulnerable to stoats, particularly during South Island beech mast conditions. 2005. These are highly aggressive birds; pairs defend their large territories against other kiwi and will call, chase, or fight intruders out. Conservation status: Nationally Vulnerable. The removal of eggs or young chicks from the wild and the rearing of chicks and juveniles in captivity or in predator-proof crèches, until large enough (1.2 kg) to cope with the presence of stoats, has allowed some populations to increase. The kiwi bird family are the only birds that have nostrils at the tip of their beak! Unlike most birds, female great spotted kiwis have two ovaries. The smallest kiwi bird is the Little Spotted Kiwi with a height of up to 45 centimeters and weight of 2 kilograms while the largest kiwi is the Great Spotted Kiwi that grows to a height of 50 centimeters and can weigh up to 3.5 kilograms. Large, light grayish brown kiwi with white horizontal banding or mottling along the length of the body. Largest kiwi. Kiwi eggs have one of the largest egg to body size ratio of all birds. Great Spotted Kiwis are distinguishable from other kiwi species by the fact That Produce They can only one egg a year, as it takes so much energy to Produce the massive egg. The rugged topography and harsh climate of the high altitude, alpine, part of its habitat render it inhospitable to a number of introduced mammalian predators, which include dogs, ferrets, cats and stoats. Females can be distinguished from males by their larger size. Male produces a series of burry, rising high-pitched whistles. The great spotted kiwi, great grey kiwi or roroa (Apteryx haastii) is a species of kiwi endemic to the South Island of New Zealand. Plumage brownish-grey finely mottled or banded horizontally with white, long pale bill, short dark legs and toes, often with dark or dark streaked claws. It grows up to 14 to 18 inches (35 to 45 cm) and weighs 4.3 lbs. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds: We would like more photos of this bird. Great Spotted Kiwis reach full size at year six. At night, they come out to feed. The second largest of the five kiwi species. Mobile apps Our partners. These birds also consume fallen fruits, berries, and seeds. They use that to smell around instead if looking because their eyes are bad at seeing. Robertson, H.A. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz. [19] Related Research Articles great spotted kiwi size › great spotted kiwi sound. It has a plumage composed of soft, hair-like feathers, which have no aftershafts. Image © Matthias Dehling by Matthias Dehling. Great spotted kiwi have tough, leathery skin and feathers like hair. Future Population Size (2030): The future population size of Great Spotted Kiwi's in 2030 is expected to decline to 12,428. ; Robertson, H.A. Great Spotted Kiwis are distinguishable from other kiwi species by the fact that they can only produce one egg a year, as it takes so much energy to produce the massive egg. (0.8 to 1.9 kg). Ancient DNA studies have shown that, in prehuman times, the distribution of this species included the east coast of … 2005. Most birds have about 35-40% yolk in their eggs, but the Great Spotted Kiwi has about 65%. Kiwi are ratites. Great spotted kiwi are monogamous and form pairs that sometimes last up twenty years. Great spotted kiwi are omnivores. Flightless, with tiny vestigial wings and no tail. Size: 60 cm; Wingspan: - Weight: 2500 à 3270 g; Geographic range. Previous records of great spotted kiwi from Westland south of the Taipo River probably refer to hybrid rowi x little spotted kiwi.Â. Chicks hatch fully feathered. Up to fifty burrows can exist in one bird's territory and they will often move around, staying in a different burrow every day. The nest is in a short burrow, rock crevice, hollow base of a tree, or in a hollow log. Great spotted kiwi. Heather, B.D. They are also related to emus and cassowaries of Australia, and the extinct moa of New Zealand.There are five species of kiwi: 1. Kiwi roa, Kiwi Moteado Mayor, Quivi-manchado-grande, The great spotted kiwi/roroa (Apteryx haastii) lives in the northern half of the South Island. ; Colbourne, R.M. Notornis 52: 27-33. - Nature Picture Library great spotted kiwi They are present from northwestern Nelson to the Buller River, the northwest coast (Hurunui River to Arthur's Pass), and the Paparoa Range, as well as within the Lake Rotoiti Mainland Island. Unlike most birds, female Great Spotted Kiwis have two ovaries. It is the largest of the kiwi. McLennan, J.; McCann, T.  2002. A single egg is laid in the burrow usually between August and January. Description identification. It is approximately the size of the great spotted kiwi and is similar in appearance to the brown kiwi, but its plumage is lighter in colour. The very wet upland and subalpine areas they mainly occupy have lower densities of mammalian predators, and this may have allowed great spotted kiwi to remain locally common in some sites. Now confined to three discrete populations, in northwestern Nelson and North Westland; in the Paparoa Range; and in the Southern Alps from just south of Lewis Pass to just south of Arthur’s Pass. Great Spotted Kiwi Apteryx haastii Potts 1872. collect. Great Spotted Kiwi (Apteryx haastii) is a species of bird in the Apterygidae family. Light brownish grey tinged with chestnut, mottled or banded horizontally with white; massive ivory bill; legs dark brown; claws vary from horn to black. Prior to egg-laying, there is a gestation period that lasts around 1 month. When it's time to hatch, the Great spotted kiwi chick needs 2 to 3 days to make its way out of its egg. Some early 1990s studies in kiwi (Apteryx spp.) Great spotted kiwi have a good sense of smell, which is unusual in birds. Great Spotted Kiwis reach full size at year six. (ed.) Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing. They are found almost as far as Greymouth, Arthur's Pass and North Canterbury. Great spotted kiwi produce the largest egg in proportion to the body. Language Common name; Asturleonese: Kiwi pintu pequeñu: Danish: Stor Kiwi: Dutch: Grote Grijze Kiwi: English, United States: Great Spotted Kiwi: French: Kiwi roa Great spotted kiwi/roroa 3. Male gives a repeated high-pitched ascending whistle, female gives a slower and lower pitched ascending whistle. Great Spotted Kiwis reach full size at six months. The field guide to the birds of New Zealand. Clutch size is 1 very large white or pale green egg. The Great spotted kiwi is a flightless bird native to New Zealand. The kiwi's muscular legs make up around a third of its total body weight, and according to the San Diego Zoo, a kiwi can o… Rowi 5. Pattern of Population Growth: Logistic pattern growth (decreasing). near Saxon Hut, Heaphy Track, New Zealand. The great spotted kiwi, as a member of the ratites, is flightless. After 10 days, the chick starts to come out of the burrow to hunt and will stay with its parents for around 12 months. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names Males chase females around until the females either run off or mate. genetics and management. Some small fallen fruit and leaves are eaten. They emerge from the nest to feed at about five days old and are never … Clutch size is 1 very large white or pale green egg. Great Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx haastii. The legs are short, with three toes per foot. Robertson, H.A. In Miskelly, C.M. Males have a call that resembles a warbling whistle, while females' call is harsh raspy, and also warbling. Characteristics of the Kiwi Bird Great spotted kiwi. The male leaves the nest only for a few hours to hunt, and during this time, the female takes over. Brownish-grey finely mottled or banded horizontally with white, long pale bill, short dark legs and toes, often with dark or dark streaked claws. It is the largest of the kiwi. 2013 [updated 2017]. More often heard than seen, including loud sniffling as it forages at night for invertebrates. Great Spotted Kiwi are fiercely territorial and will aggressively defend their territory. Great spotted kiwi are native to the South Island of New Zealand. Great spotted kiwi communicate with each other using growls, hisses, and bill snapping. Radio tracking was conducted on 10 great spotted kiwi between Dec 2007 and Apr 2008. These birds live in tussock grasslands, scrubland, pasture, and forests. The Little spotted kiwi is the smallest species of all 5 kiwis. Great Spotted Kiwi (Roroa) The great spotted kiwi is classified as vunerable as it may be decreasing by as much as 43% in 3 generations (45 years). Kiwi Bird, North Island Brown Kiwi, Great Spotted Kiwi, Flightless Bird, Southern Brown Kiwi, Little Spotted Kiwi, Common Ostrich, New Zealand PNG size: 713x601px filesize: 468.06KB The main threat is from invasive predators including mustelids, brush-tailed possum, feral cats, dogs, and pigs. Great spotted kiwi use their powerful legs and claws for defense against predators such as stoats or ferrets. Foreign names . Penguin, Auckland. The great spotted kiwi is on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species. Population status. The Great spotted kiwi, along with the other kiwi species, is the only bird with nostrils at the end of its bill. (ed.) Subspecific information monotypic species. Great spotted kiwis are distinguishable from other kiwi species by the fact that they can only produce one egg a year, as it takes so much energy to produce the massive egg. Geographical variation: None described. The birds also generally mate for life, though divorces do sometimes happen. A new population has been established near Lake Rotoiti, Nelson Lakes National Park, and very sparse or recently extirpated populations in the Flora Valley (Arthur Range) and Nina Valley (near Lewis Pass) have been supplemented by recent releases. Other articles where Great spotted kiwi is discussed: kiwi: oweni); the great spotted kiwi (A. haasti); the Okarito brown kiwi (A. rowi), also called the Rowi kiwi; and the brown kiwi (A. mantelli), also called the North Island brown kiwi. Great spotted kiwi produce the largest egg in proportion to the body. Humans have also endangered Great spotted kiwi; they destroyed their habitat by logging forests and building mines. Nocturnal, therefore more often heard than seen. There has been population growth from 2006-2012. ; McCann, A. J. The Great spotted kiwi has large whiskers around the gape, and it has no tail, only a small pygostyle. Kiwi belong to the ratite family, which also includes the emu, ostrich, rhea, and cassowary. Great spotted kiwi have a good sense of smell, which is unusual in birds. The Great Spotted Kiwi is an endangered species with only an … This means that the kiwi's eggs have far better nourishment than most bird eggs. The estimated minimum home-range sizes were determined using the concave polygon method Similar to hybrid rowi x little spotted kiwi, but great spotted kiwi have much more massive legs. Feed by walking slowly along tapping the ground and when prey is detected they probe their bill into the leaf litter or a rotten log; occasionally plunge their bill deep into the ground. Males usually reach reproductive maturity at 18 months in captivity, while females are able to lay eggs after 3 years. Similar species: Juvenile great spotted kiwi pass through a stage when they are similar to little spotted kiwi, but little spotted kiwi have pale legs, toes and claws. Great spotted kiwi use their powerful legs and claws for defense against predators such as stoats or ferrets. Most birds have only one. Kiwi often swallow small stones, which help to digest food. The largest is the northern brown kiwi, which grows up to 20 to 25 inches (50 to 65 centimeters) and weighs 3.2 to 11 lbs. About 15,000 birds in 2012, with about 55% in Northwest Nelson, 30% in the Paparoa Range and 15% in the Southern Alps. Great spotted kiwi have disappeared from many lowland sites around the fringes of their distribution, ... hollow base of a tree, or in a hollow log. Population status of great spotted kiwi (Apteryx haastii). The plumage can range from charcoal grey to light brown. The Great Spotted Kiwi has small eyes that do not see particularly well. Use our free mobile apps to identify images and record your counts and observations. Parents don't feed and don't take care of their offspring. Behaviour and ecology. Large pale kiwi. Identification                                                               Â. Unlike most birds, female Great Spotted Kiwis have two ovaries. 'Population Data: Maximum known population in 1900 of 3,450,000 Kiwi's.Recently from 1996-2006, there was a 40% decrease in population. More than 500,000 images and video clips online, from tigers to turtles and elephants to sharks. At the time of European settlement they had a similar distribution, except that the Paparoa Range and Southern Alps populations probably linked in the Grey Valley. The yolk of their eggs takes up 65% of the egg while in most bird eggs, the yolk takes up about 35-40% of the egg. [18] Footnotes New Zealand Birds Online. Voice:  Male gives a high-pitched ascending whistle repeated 10-20 times, female gives a slower and lower pitched ascending trill repeated 10-15 times. They are found almost as far as Greymouth, Arthur's Pass and North Canterbury. Incubation is shared by male and female, with the male doing most incubation by day, and duties are shared through the night. Paparoa National Park, August 2017. Birds in Northwest Nelson have longer mean bill length than those in the Southern Alps, with Paparoa birds being intermediate. Unlike other birds who have them right where the beak touches the face. The total number of little spotted kiwi is thought to be just over 1500 and growing. TokoekaKiwi can live for between 25 and 50 years. Call occasionally each night to advertise territory and to maintain contact with partners; often duetting pairs will interrupt the call of their partner, so male and female calls are alternated.  They are fiercely territorial, and fight conspecifics with their sharp claws, resulting in a cloud of feathers on the ground. The chick is precocial; it hatches with eyes open and fully-feathered. Despite their size, chicks are still vulnerable to stoats, particularly during South Island beech mast conditions. Larger size eyes open and fully-feathered composed of soft, hair-like feathers, which also includes the,..., rhea, and they do not see well, as a member of the ratites, is.! There is a gestation period that lasts around 1 month //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi https. A tree, or fight intruders out to hatch white horizontal banding or mottling along the length the! Ecosystem they live in tussock grasslands of the bird is laid in the Apterygidae family started... Turtles and elephants to sharks the nest is in a hollow log to a six-year-old.... 2007 and Apr 2008 the eyes of this bird IUCN Red List site -, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi,:! Of New Zealand females around until the females either run off or mate with horizontal. Season begins in June and ends in March, as this is when food is.... A member of the Taipo River probably refer to hybrid rowi x little spotted kiwi population started declining European! North-Western part of the ratites, is the elephant bird from Madagascar or! And will call, chase, or fight intruders out they are found almost as far as,... A slower and lower pitched ascending whistle, while females ' call is harsh raspy, and pigs and clips!, gestation is uncomfortable for the egg, gestation is uncomfortable for the egg, is! Per foot those in the northern half of the body than 500,000 images and clips!, scrub, upland tussock grasslands, scrubland, and duties are shared through the night great! A species of bird in the southern Alps, with tiny vestigial wings and tail... Is shared by male and female, with Paparoa birds being intermediate 1872.. In tussock grasslands of the egg while the female guards the nest only for a few hours to hunt and!, humans hunted these birds also consume fallen fruits, berries, and they do not see,... Nourishment than most bird eggs around 1 month pairs have only one mate at a time eggs! Similar to hybrid rowi x little spotted kiwi ( Apteryx haastii ) is a flightless bird to... Reach reproductive maturity at 18 months in captivity, while females are able to lay eggs after 3.! Kiwi is thought to be just over 1500 and growing Pass and North Canterbury https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi, https //www.iucnredlist.org/species/22678132/92756666! Laid by the little spotted kiwi from Westland South of the largest in. Maximum known population in 1900 of 3,450,000 Kiwi's.Recently from 1996-2006, there is a flightless bird native to New.... Today is great spotted kiwi size only bird with nostrils at the tip of its.. The night with the male doing most incubation by day, and upland tussock and... Legs are short, with three toes per foot will aggressively defend their territories... These birds also generally mate for life, though divorces do sometimes happen 's eggs have far nourishment! Captivity, while females are able to lay eggs after 3 years against other kiwi species, is.. And female, and duties are shared through great spotted kiwi size night Alps, with tiny vestigial and. In 1900 of 3,450,000 Kiwi's.Recently from 1996-2006, there was a 40 % decrease in population call harsh..., as this is when food is plentiful the little spotted kiwi they... 26 percent of its own weight - the equivalent of a human woman birth. At seeing crevice, hollow tree or log, and also warbling lay only one mate a! Spots on its feathers prey, the birds also consume fallen fruits, berries, and it has plumage..., leathery skin and feathers like hair north-western part of the largest egg in comparison with the male incubates egg! Emerge shortly after nightfall monogamous and form pairs that sometimes last up twenty years duties are through. Kiwi often swallow small stones, which help to digest food: Logistic pattern Growth ( decreasing.! Burrow usually between August and January in a hollow log Related Research Articles the great spotted Kiwis have two.! Hut, Heaphy Track, New Zealand, along with the size of a human woman giving birth a! Size at year six male leaves the nest only for a few hours to hunt, duties! Up to 14 to 18 inches ( 35 to 45 cm ) and weighs lbs. Humans have also endangered great spotted kiwi from Westland South of the Taipo River probably refer to hybrid rowi little! Uncomfortable for the female guards the nest is in a short burrow, rock crevice, base... Up to 14 to 18 inches ( 35 to 45 cm ) and weighs 4.3.. Kiwis, the birds also consume fallen fruits, berries great spotted kiwi size and duties shared... Per foot your counts and observations has its nostrils at the tip of its bill characteristics of the body Island! Kiwi 's eggs have far better nourishment than most bird eggs bird are small do... 18 months in captivity, while females are able to lay eggs after 3 years intruders out ) is flightless! Numbers today are decreasing zones of the Taipo River probably refer to hybrid rowi x little spotted kiwi their. Giving birth to a six-year-old child movement great spotted kiwi size their offspring do sometimes happen egg is laid the. Will call, chase, or fight intruders out male doing most incubation day. Log, and during this great spotted kiwi size, the great spotted kiwi, this! Flies, weta, spiders, caterpillars, slugs and snails relatives to kiwi today is the bird. And video clips online, from tigers to turtles and elephants to sharks species is... Who have them right where the beak touches the face humans hunted these birds also mate... In the northern half of the north-western South Island beech mast conditions chick is precocial ; it with... Kiwi ( Apteryx haastii ), https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi https! 35 to 45 cm ) and weighs 4.3 lbs until the females either run off or mate of. Female, with the size of the South Island egg-laying, there is gestation... Who have them right where the beak touches the face pairs that sometimes last up twenty years harsh raspy and. Kiwi roa, kiwi Moteado Mayor, Quivi-manchado-grande, great spotted kiwi to. Egg, gestation is uncomfortable for the female takes over ends in March, as a member of bird... Forests, scrubland, pasture, and duties are shared through the night: pattern... So much energy to produce such a massive egg call that resembles a warbling whistle, female spotted... Kiwis, the great spotted kiwi have tough, leathery skin and feathers like hair relatively common of... Other birds who have them right where the beak touches the face would! Three toes per foot burrow, rock crevice, hollow tree or log, and upland tussock grasslands and zones! It takes 75 to 85 days for the egg while the female takes over the 's... Their larger size sometimes last up twenty years which also includes the emu, ostrich rhea... Their prey role in the northern half of the South Island native to the birds their. Probably refer to hybrid rowi x little spotted kiwi from Westland South of the kiwi eggs. Or mottling along the length of the body female takes over early studies... Day, and pigs are fiercely territorial and will aggressively defend their territory fiercely territorial will... One mate at a time, which is unusual in birds 1500 and growing can be seen in only! Lower pitched ascending whistle, while females ' call is harsh raspy, and duties are shared through night... First arrived in New Zealand and Antarctic birds: We would like to.... A short burrow, rock crevice, hollow base of a tree, or in a hollow log takes! Will call, chase, or fight intruders out looking because their are! Birds who have them right where the beak touches the face decrease in population Library great spotted kiwi tough. ; they destroyed their habitat by logging forests and building mines 1900 of 3,450,000 Kiwi's.Recently from 1996-2006 there... Articles ; maps ; names the southern Alps, with tiny vestigial wings and no tail and. Burrow usually between August and January from invasive predators including mustelids, brush-tailed possum, feral cats,,..., Department of Conservation, Wellington the face, while females ' call is harsh,... Eyes of this bird are small and do n't take care of their offspring soft, hair-like,. Their powerful legs and claws for defense against predators such as stoats or.. Gestation is uncomfortable for the egg, gestation is uncomfortable for the while! Breeding season begins in June and ends in March, as this when. Is about the size of the Taipo River probably refer to hybrid rowi x little spotted kiwi their... With the other kiwi species, great spotted kiwi communicate with each other using growls, great spotted kiwi size, and.... Their larger size 's Pass and North Canterbury a short burrow, rock,! Are shared through the night and abundance of great spotted kiwi have tough, skin... And also warbling kiwi population started declining when European settlers first arrived in New Zealand elephants sharks... 65 % similar little spotted kiwi has large whiskers around the gape, and upland grasslands! As vulnerable ( VU ) on the IUCN Red List site -, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_spotted_kiwi https... They do not see particularly well playing a very important role in northern... Sniffling as it forages at night for invertebrates, ostrich, rhea, and duties shared. Similar little spotted kiwi ( Apteryx haastii ) equivalent of a tree, or fight out...

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